Entry: James Baldwin, Blues for Mister Charlie. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html

Entry: James Baldwin, Another Country. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html

Entry: James Baldwin, Go Tel It on the Mountain. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html

Entry: James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html

Entry: “James Baldwin.” The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html.

Entry: James Baldwin, “The Amen Corner.” The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html.

Entry: James Baldwin, Giovanni’s Room. The Literary Encyclopedia and Literary Dictionary, eds., Robert Clark, Emory Elliott, and Janet Todd. http://www.LitEncyc.com/LitEncycFrame.html.

“Maria Kuncewicz.” Reference Guide to World Literature. Eds., Tom and Sara Pendegrast. St. James Press, 2002.

“Maria Kuncewicz.” Dictionary of Literary Biography. Volume Two Hundred Fifteen. Twentieth-Century Eastern European Writers. First Series. Ed., Steven Serafin. Detroit, San Francisco, London, Boston, Woodbridge, Conn: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1999: 208-219.